
Osmibitovï¿½ poï¿½ï¿½taï¿½e ï¿½ady CPC, vyrï¿½bï¿½nï¿½ od roku 1984 britskou firmou Amstrad, se doï¿½kaly ve svï¿½ dobï¿½ pomï¿½rnï¿½ znaï¿½nï¿½ obliby. Amstrad, do tï¿½ doby pï¿½edevï¿½ï¿½m vï¿½robce lacinï¿½ch hifi vï¿½ï¿½ a TV, vï¿½ï¿½il ï¿½e nalezl novou oblast trhu  domï¿½cï¿½ poï¿½ï¿½taï¿½ dodï¿½vanï¿½ vï¿½hradnï¿½ s monitorem. Aï¿½koliv cena byla dï¿½ky tomu pochopitelnï¿½ vyï¿½ï¿½ï¿½, strategie pï¿½i prodeji pouï¿½ï¿½vala argumentï¿½ typu "Mï¿½ï¿½ete se dï¿½vat na Dallas i kdyï¿½ Vaï¿½e dï¿½tï¿½ prï¿½vï¿½ hraje hry..."  a CPC se prosadilo. Tï¿½mï¿½ï¿½ vï¿½hradnï¿½ ovï¿½em pouze v Evropï¿½, pï¿½edevï¿½ï¿½m v Anglii a Francii, prodï¿½valy se dokonce i v naï¿½em Tuzexu. Ve vï¿½tï¿½inï¿½ zemï¿½ se liï¿½il obchodnï¿½ nï¿½zev poï¿½ï¿½taï¿½e (napï¿½. v nï¿½mecky mluvï¿½cï¿½ch zemï¿½ch to byl pouze Schneider), ale ï¿½ï¿½selnï¿½ oznaï¿½enï¿½ jednotlivï¿½ch modelï¿½ zï¿½stï¿½valo shodnï¿½. BTW  CPC je zkratka pro Colour Personal Computer.
Zï¿½klad softwarovï¿½ho vybavenï¿½ (mï¿½m pochopitelnï¿½ na mysli hry) tvoï¿½ily konverze ze Sinclairu a C64, ale CPC se zmohlo i na vlastnï¿½ programy  pï¿½edevï¿½ï¿½m sï¿½rie her s hlavnim hrdinou Rolandem, ï¿½ï¿½nrovï¿½ zhruba odpovï¿½dajï¿½cï¿½ Jet Set Willy, se AFAIK nikde jinde nevyskytuje.
CPC464
prodï¿½vat se zaï¿½al v polovinï¿½ roku 1984, mï¿½l 32kb ROM, 64kb RAM, zabudovanï¿½ kazetovï¿½ magnetofon. V ROMce byl vlastnï¿½ operaï¿½nï¿½ systï¿½m od Amstradu, a zajï¿½mavï¿½ inplementace BASICu  Locomotive v1.0, ï¿½ï¿½tajï¿½cï¿½ cca 170 pï¿½ï¿½kazï¿½. Nepostradatelnï¿½m doplnï¿½kem byla externï¿½ tï¿½ï¿½palcovï¿½ diskovï¿½ mechanika, prodï¿½vanï¿½ samostatnï¿½. K nï¿½ se dodï¿½val i CP/M 2.2, v tï¿½ dobï¿½ velmi rozï¿½ï¿½ï¿½enï¿½. Bohuï¿½el nestandardnï¿½ velikost disket pï¿½sobila uï¿½ivatelï¿½m mnoho problï¿½mï¿½  disky byly oproti bï¿½nï¿½m 5.25` a 3.5 ` relativnï¿½ drahï¿½, a pï¿½enos CP/M aplikacï¿½ na nï¿½ byl ponï¿½kud problï¿½m.
CPC664 na trh uveden tï¿½mï¿½ï¿½ pï¿½esnï¿½ rok po prvnï¿½m modelu  v polovinï¿½ roku 1985. Namï¿½sto kazetovï¿½ho magnetofonu jiï¿½ byla internï¿½ zabudovï¿½na diskovï¿½ mechanika, opï¿½t tï¿½ï¿½palcovï¿½. Pï¿½ibylo 16kb ROM (ovï¿½em vï¿½hradnï¿½ pro potï¿½eby diskovï¿½ mechaniky), Locomotive BASIC povï¿½ï¿½il na verzi 1.1. Jak vidno, v celku nic zajï¿½mavï¿½ho. Byl ostatnï¿½ nahrazen CPC6128 po pouhï¿½ch nï¿½kolika mï¿½sï¿½cï¿½ch prodeje.
CPC6128 uveden na konci roku 1985, nahradil oba pï¿½edchozï¿½ modely, kterï¿½ se pï¿½estaly vyrï¿½bï¿½t. V podstatï¿½ ï¿½lo o CPC664 se 128kb RAM. Na disketï¿½ch se dodï¿½val i s novou verzï¿½ CP/M 3.0, coï¿½ umoï¿½nilo programï¿½m vyuï¿½ï¿½t celï¿½ch 128kb RAM  vzhledem ke swapovï¿½nï¿½ RAM bank a nepodpoï¿½e v BASICu to bylo jinak moï¿½nï¿½ pouze se speciï¿½lnï¿½m softwarem dodï¿½vanï¿½m Amstradem.
CPC464+, CPC6128+ totï¿½ jako nonplus modely, navï¿½c cartridge umoï¿½ï¿½ujï¿½cï¿½ hrï¿½t hry z GX4000. Nenï¿½ emulovï¿½no ï¿½ï¿½dnï¿½m z existujï¿½cï¿½ch emulï¿½torï¿½.
GX4000 hernï¿½ konzole Amstradu, zaloï¿½enï¿½ na CPC hardwaru. Nikdy nedosï¿½hla pï¿½ï¿½liï¿½nï¿½ obliby, existovaly pouze asi dvï¿½ desï¿½tky her. Pï¿½itom nï¿½kterï¿½ vylepï¿½enï¿½ nebyla tak marnï¿½: paleta 4096 barev, hardware scrolling, 128kb carts. Nenï¿½ emulovï¿½n ï¿½ï¿½dnï¿½m z existujï¿½cï¿½ch emulï¿½torï¿½.
NC100, NC150, NC200
AKA Amstrad Notepad. Zajï¿½mavï¿½ pokus o elektronickï¿½ zï¿½pisnï¿½k na CPC hardwaru, A4 placatï¿½ krabiï¿½ka s LCD displayem a PCMCIA pamï¿½ovou kartou, vybaven plnou klavesnicï¿½, sï¿½riovï¿½m i paralelnï¿½m portem. Nadstandardnï¿½ sluï¿½by pro textovï¿½ editor poskytuje BBC BASIC v ROM, existuje i funkï¿½nï¿½ CP/M. NC200 mï¿½ zabudovanou 3.5 disk mechaniku. Vï¿½echny modely se pï¿½estaly prodï¿½vat v roce 1996.
Nenï¿½ emulovï¿½n ï¿½ï¿½dnï¿½m z existujï¿½cï¿½ch emulï¿½torï¿½ (taky proï¿½...).
Nutno se pochvalnï¿½ zmï¿½nit o firmï¿½ch Amstrad a Locomotive, kterï¿½ POVOLUJï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½enï¿½ originï¿½lnï¿½ho obsahu ROM (Amstrad DOS a Locomotive BASIC) spolu s emulï¿½tory, proto jsou tyto obsaï¿½eny ve vï¿½tï¿½inï¿½ distribuï¿½nï¿½ch balï¿½kï¿½ s emulï¿½tory. V pï¿½semnï¿½ formï¿½ je toto prohlï¿½enï¿½ moï¿½no nalï¿½zt v archivech comp.sys.amstrad.8bit. Stejnou vstï¿½ï¿½cnost je moï¿½nï¿½ zaznamenat i u nï¿½kterï¿½ch hernï¿½ch firem, takï¿½e jako freeware si lze nynï¿½ stï¿½hnout mj. vï¿½echny hry od Vortexu (Tornado Low Level, Android One, Cyclone, Revolution, Deflektor, H.A.T.E., Highway Encounter, Alien Highway), Design Design (Tank Busters, Dark Star, Forbidden Planet), Loriciel (Sapiens), Jona Ritmana (Batman, Head over Heels, Matchday 1/2) a nï¿½kterï¿½ch dalï¿½ï¿½ch.
Moï¿½nï¿½ i proto AmstradCPC patï¿½ï¿½ k nejdï¿½le emulovanï¿½m strojï¿½m  zcela funkï¿½nï¿½ emulace byla k dispozici jiï¿½ v roce 1989, dnes existuje cca 20 pouï¿½itelnï¿½ch programï¿½ pro nejrï¿½znï¿½jï¿½ï¿½ platformy. Vï¿½echny emulujï¿½ modely 464/664/6128.
Procesor: Zilog Z80A, 4MHz
Video Chip: Motorola CRTC 6845, zobrazujï¿½cï¿½ v 640x200 (2 barvy), 320x200 (4 barvy) nebo 160x200 (16 barev). Barvy vybranï¿½ z 27 barevnï¿½ palety. Krom tï¿½chto tï¿½ï¿½ oficiï¿½lnï¿½ch rozliï¿½enï¿½ vï¿½tï¿½ina programï¿½ vyuï¿½ï¿½vï¿½ plnï¿½ moï¿½nostï¿½ CRTC chipu, umoï¿½ï¿½ujï¿½cï¿½ho vyuï¿½ï¿½t celou paletu v rozliï¿½enï¿½ aï¿½ 768x280.
Sound Chip: AY38912
Monitor: vï¿½echny modely byly volitelnï¿½ dodï¿½vï¿½ny buï¿½ s barevnï¿½m monitorem CMT644, nebo ï¿½ernobï¿½lï¿½m GT65 (pï¿½esnï¿½ji ï¿½eï¿½eno zelenï¿½m). Zajï¿½mavï¿½ bylo, ï¿½e samotnï¿½ poï¿½ï¿½taï¿½ byl napï¿½jen z monitoru (5V), coï¿½ brï¿½nilo uï¿½ivatelï¿½m v koupi jinï¿½ch monitorï¿½. Modely se zabudovanou disketovou mechanikou vï¿½ak stejnï¿½ vyï¿½adovaly jeï¿½tï¿½ dalï¿½ï¿½ 12V zdroj.
Joystick: pouze jeden port, Amstrad dodï¿½val speciï¿½lnï¿½ prï¿½chozï¿½ joystick pro pï¿½ipojenï¿½ dalï¿½ï¿½ho...
Printer Port: Centronics 7bit, opï¿½t snaha donutit uï¿½ivatele pouï¿½ï¿½vat tiskï¿½rny od Amstradu, vï¿½tï¿½ina ostatnï¿½ch poï¿½ï¿½taï¿½ï¿½ tï¿½ doby pouï¿½ï¿½vala 8bit Centronics.
Externï¿½ HW: jak je u osmibitï¿½ obvyklï¿½, pï¿½ipojit se dï¿½ v podstatï¿½ cokoliv neb lidskï¿½ vynalï¿½zavost neznï¿½ hranic. Bï¿½nï¿½ se i dnes dajï¿½ koupit MFM/IDE disky, RAM/ROM karty, sï¿½ovï¿½ karty...
no$cpc
poslednï¿½ DOS verze: 1.8 (156 kB) z 4.11.2000
poslednï¿½ W9x verze: 1.8 (171 kB) z 4.11.2000
Homepage
Urï¿½ite nejrychlejï¿½ï¿½, napsanï¿½ kompletnï¿½ v ASM, a pravdï¿½podobnï¿½ momentï¿½lnï¿½ i nejlepï¿½ï¿½ emulï¿½tor. Narozdï¿½l od jinï¿½ch emulï¿½torï¿½ tï¿½hoï¿½ autora je tento freeware, nikoliv shareware.
CPCEMU
poslednï¿½ verze: 1.2 (348 kB) z 3.9.1994
Homepage
CPE
poslednï¿½ verze: 5.2 (224 kB) z 28.4.1997
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CaPriCe
poslednï¿½ verze: 2.00b2 (400 kB) z 24.6.2000
Homepage
NVG  nejvï¿½tï¿½ï¿½ archiv emulï¿½torï¿½, her, a veï¿½kerï¿½ho materiï¿½lï¿½ o CPC
www.lysator.liu.se/tolkiengames/amstrad.html  pro pï¿½ï¿½znivce klasickï¿½ch textovek na motivy J.R.R.Tolkiena
http://andercheran.aiind.upv.es/~sergio/cpc  velkï¿½ POKE database pro CPC
 Evilmind 
